Excel

# Excel Formulas & Functions in PDF List ## Excel Formulas PDF and Functions:

What do you Understand by the Advanced Excel Formulas and Basic Excel Functions?

This Blog will give you the Excel formulas PDF/list of the Key Functions of Excel. Excel Formulas PDF is a list of most useful or extensively used excel formulas in day to day working life with Excel. These formulas, we can use in Excel 2013. 2016 as well as 2019.

The Excel Functions covered here are: VLOOKUP, INDEX, MATCH, RANK, AVERAGE, SMALL, LARGE, LOOKUP, ROUND, COUNTIFS, SUMIFS, FIND, DATE, and many more. Let’s dive right in…

Must Check: 249+ Excel Shortcuts PDF to Work Faster

## Excel Formulas PDF List

### Compatibility Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
CONCATENATE =CONCATENATE(text1,text2,…) Joins several text items into one text item. Easier to use ‘&’ instead of the function usually.
FLOOR =FLOOR(number,significance) Rounds a number down, toward zero
BINOMDIST =BINOMDIST(number_s,trials,probability_s,cumulative) Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
CHIDIST =CHIDIST(x,deg_freedom) Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHIINV =CHITEST(actual_range,expected_range) Returns the test for independence
CONFIDENCE =CONFIDENCE(alpha,standard_dev,size) Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
FTEST =FTEST(array1,array2)
LOGNORMDIST =LOGNORMDIST(x,mean,standard_dev) Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
MODE ==MODE(number1,number2,…) Returns the most common value in a data set
NORMDIST =NORMDIST(x,mean,standard_dev,cumulative) Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORMINV =NORMINV(probability,mean,standard_dev) Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORMSDIST =NORMSDIST(z) Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORMSINV =NORMSINV(probability) Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
PERCENTILE =PERCENTILE(array,k) Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTRANK =PERCENTRANK(array,x,significance) Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
POISSON =POISSON(x,mean,cumulative) Returns the Poisson distribution
QUARTILE =QUARTILE(array,quart) Returns the quartile of a data set
RANK =RANK(number,ref,order) Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
STDEV =STDEV(number1,number2,…) Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVP =STDEVP(number1,number2,…) Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
TDIST =TDIST(x,deg_freedom,tails) Returns the Student’s t-distribution
TINV =TINV(probability,deg_freedom) Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution
VAR =VAR(number1,number2,…) Estimates variance based on a sample
VARP =VARP(number1,number2,…) Calculates variance based on the entire population
FINV =FINV(probability,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2) Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FORECAST =FORECAST(x,known_y’s,known_x’s) Returns a value along a linear trend
BETAINV =BETAINV(probability,alpha,beta,A,B) Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
COVAR =COVAR(array1,array2) Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
CRITBINOM =CRITBINOM(trials,probability_s,alpha) Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
EXPONDIST =EXPONDIST(x,lambda,cumulative) Returns the exponential distribution
POISSON =POISSON(x,mean,cumulative) Returns the Poisson distribution
FDIST =FDIST(x,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2) Returns the F probability distribution
GAMMAINV =GAMMAINV(probability,alpha,beta) Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
HYPGEOMDIST =HYPGEOMDIST(sample_s,number_sample,population_s,number_pop) Returns the hypergeometric distribution
NEGBINOMDIST =NEGBINOMDIST(number_f,number_s,probability_s) Returns the negative binomial distribution
TTEST =TTEST(array1,array2,tails,type) Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test
WEIBULL =WEIBULL(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
ZTEST =ZTEST(array,x,sigma) Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

### Cube Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
CUBEKPIMEMBER =CUBEKPIMEMBER(connection,kpi_name,kpi_property,caption) Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization’s performance.
CUBEMEMBER =CUBEMEMBER(connection,member_expression,caption) RReturns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY =CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY(connection,member_expression,property) Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.
CUBERANKEDMEMBER =CUBERANKEDMEMBER(connection,set_expression,rank,caption) Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students.
CUBESET =CUBESET(connection,set_expression,caption,sort_order,sort_by) Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.
CUBESETCOUNT =CUBESETCOUNT(set) Returns the number of items in a set.
CUBEVALUE =CUBEVALUE(connection,member_expression1,…) Returns an aggregated value from a cube

### Database Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
DGET =DGET(database,field,criteria) Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria
DSUM =DSUM(database,field,criteria) Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria
DAVERAGE =DAVERAGE(database,field,criteria) Returns the average of selected database entries
DCOUNT =DCOUNT(database,field,criteria) Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database
DCOUNTA =DCOUNTA(database,field,criteria) Counts nonblank cells in a database
DMAX =DMAX(database,field,criteria) Returns the maximum value from selected database entries
DMIN =DMIN(database,field,criteria) Returns the minimum value from selected database entries
DPRODUCT =DPRODUCT(database,field,criteria) Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database
DSTDEV =DSTDEV(database,field,criteria) Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries
DSTDEVP =DSTDEVP(database,field,criteria) Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries
DVAR =DVAR(database,field,criteria) Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries
DVARP =DVARP(database,field,criteria) Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

### Date & Time Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
DATE =DATE(year,month,day) Returns the serial number of a particular date
DATEVALUE =DATEVALUE(date_text) Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number
DAY =DAY(serial_number) Converts a serial number to a day of the month
HOUR =HOUR(serial_number) Converts a serial number to an hour
MINUTE =MINUTE(serial_number) Converts a serial number to a minute
MONTH ==MONTH(serial_number) Converts a serial number to a month
NOW =NOW() Returns the serial number of the current date and time
SECOND =SECOND(serial_number) Converts a serial number to a second
TIME =TIME(hour,minute,second) Returns the serial number of a particular time
TIMEVALUE =TIMEVALUE(time_text) Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number
TODAY =TODAY() Returns the serial number of today’s date
YEAR =YEAR(serial_number) Converts a serial number to a year
DAYS360 =DAYS360(start_date,end_date,method) Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year
EDATE =EDATE(start_date,months) Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date
EOMONTH =EOMONTH(start_date,months) Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months
NETWORKDAYS =NETWORKDAYS(start_date,end_date,[holidays]) Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates
NETWORKDAYS.INTL =NETWORKDAYS.INTL(start_date,end_date,[weekend],[holidays]) Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days
WEEKDAY =WEEKDAY(serial_number,[return_type]) Converts a serial number to a day of the week
WEEKNUM =WEEKNUM(serial_number,[return_type]) Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year
WORKDAY =WORKDAY(start_date, days, [holidays]) Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays
WORKDAY.INTL =WORKDAY.INTL(start_date,days,weekend,holidays) Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days
YEARFRAC =YEARFRAC(start_date,end_date,basis) Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date

### Information Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
CELL =CELL(info_type, [reference]) Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell
ISBLANK =ISBLANK(value) Returns TRUE if the value is blank
ISERROR =ISERROR(value) Returns TRUE if the value is any error value
ISNONTEXT =ISNONTEXT(value) Returns TRUE if the value is not text
ISNUMBER =ISNUMBER(value) Returns TRUE if the value is a number
ISTEXT =ISTEXT(value) Returns TRUE if the value is text
ERROR.TYPE =ERROR.TYPE(error_val) Returns a number corresponding to an error type
INFO =INFO(type_text) Returns information about the current operating environment
ISERR =ISERR(value) Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A
ISEVEN =ISEVEN(number) Returns TRUE if the number is even
ISLOGICAL =ISLOGICAL(value) Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value
ISNA =ISNA(value) Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value
ISODD =ISODD(number) Returns TRUE if the number is odd
ISREF =ISREF(value) Returns TRUE if the value is a reference
N =N(value) Returns a value converted to a number
NA =NA() Returns the error value #N/A
TYPE =TYPE(value) Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

### Logical Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
AND =AND(logical1,logical2,…) Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE
FALSE =FALSE Returns the logical value FALSE
IF =IF(logical_test, [value_if_true], [value_if_false]) Specifies a logical test to perform
IFERROR =IFERROR(value, value_if_error) Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula
NOT =NOT(logical) Reverses the logic of its argument
OR =OR(logical1,logical2,…) Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE
TRUE =TRUE Returns the logical value TRUE
LOOKUP =LOOKUP(lookup_value, array)– 2 types Looks up values in a vector or array

### Lookup & Reference Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
ADDRESS =ADDRESS(row_num, column_num, [abs_num], [a1], [sheet_text]) Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet
COLUMN =COLUMN([reference]) Returns the column number of a reference
COLUMNS =COLUMNS(array) Returns the number of columns in a reference
HLOOKUP =HLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,row_index_num,[range_lookup]) Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell
INDEX =INDEX(array,row_num,[column_num])– 2 types Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array
INDIRECT =INDIRECT(ref_text,a1) Returns a reference indicated by a text value
MATCH =MATCH(lookup_value,lookup_array,match_type) Looks up values in a reference or array
OFFSET =OFFSET(reference,rows,cols,height,width) Returns a reference offset from a given reference
ROW =ROW([reference]) Returns the row number of a reference
ROWS =ROWS(array) Returns the number of rows in a reference
VLOOKUP =VLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,col_index_num,[range_lookup]) Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell
CHOOSE =CHOOSE(index_num,value1,value2,…) Chooses a value from a list of values
GETPIVOTDATA =GETPIVOTDATA(data_field,pivot_table,field,item,…) Returns data stored in a PivotTable report
HYPERLINK =HYPERLINK(link_location,friendly_name) Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet
TRANSPOSE =TRANSPOSE(array) Returns the transpose of an array
AREAS =AREAS(reference) Returns the number of areas in a reference
RTD =RTD(progID,server,topic1,topic2,…) Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation (Automation: A way to work with an application’s objects from another application or development tool. Formerly called OLE Automation, Automation is an industry-standard and a feature of the Component Object Model (COM).)

### Text Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
EXACT =EXACT(text1,text2) Checks to see if two text values are identical
LOWER =LOWER(text) Converts text to lowercase
PROPER =PROPER(text) Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value
TRIM =TRIM(text) Removes spaces from text
UPPER =UPPER(text) Converts text to uppercase
CHAR =CHAR(number) Returns the character specified by the code number
CLEAN =CLEAN(text) Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE =CODE(text) Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
DOLLAR =DOLLAR(number,decimals) Converts a number to text, using the \$ (dollar) currency format
FIXED =FIXED(number,decimals,no_commas) Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
PHONETIC =PHONETIC(reference) Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string
REPT =REPT(text,number_times) Repeats text a given number of times
SUBSTITUTE =SUBSTITUTE(text,old_text,new_text,instance_num) Substitutes new text for old text in a text string
T =T(value) Converts its arguments to text
VALUE =VALUE(text) Converts a text argument to a number
ASC =ASC(text) Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
BAHTTEXT =BAHTTEXT(number) Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format

### Most Common Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
FIND =FIND(find_text,within_text,start_num) Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
LEFT =LEFT(text,num_chars) Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEN =LEN(text) Returns the number of characters in a text string
MID =MID(text,start_num,num_chars) Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
REPLACE =REPLACE(old_text,start_num,num_chars,new_text) Replaces characters within text
RIGHT =RIGHT(text,num_chars) Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
SEARCH =SEARCH(find_text,within_text,start_num) Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)

### Engineering Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
CONVERT =CONVERT(number,from_unit,to_unit) Converts a number from one measurement system to another
DELTA =DELTA(number1,number2) Tests whether two values are equal
ERF =ERF(lower_limit,upper_limit) Returns the error function
ERFC =ERFC(x) Returns the complementary error function
GESTEP =GESTEP(number,step) Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value
ERF.PRECISE =ERF.PRECISE(X) Returns the error function
ERFC.PRECISE =ERFC.PRECISE(X) Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity
BESSELI =BESSELI(x,n) Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ =BESSELJ(x,n) Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK =BESSELK(x,n) Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY =BESSELY(x,n) Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)
BIN2DEC =BIN2DEC(number) Converts a binary number to decimal
BIN2HEX =BIN2HEX(number,places) Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT =DEC2OCT(number,places) Converts a decimal number to octal
HEX2BIN =HEX2BIN(number,places) Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC =HEX2DEC(number) Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal
HEX2OCT =HEX2OCT(number,places) Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
IMABS =IMABS(inumber) Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY =IMAGINARY(inumber) Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT =IMARGUMENT(inumber) Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians
IMCONJUGATE =IMCONJUGATE(inumber) Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS =IMCOS(inumber) Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMDIV =IMDIV(inumber1,inumber2) Returns the quotient of two complex numbers
IMEXP =IMEXP(inumber) Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN =IMLN(inumber) Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10 =IMLOG10(inumber) Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2 =IMLOG2(inumber) Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER =IMPOWER(inumber,number) Returns a complex number raised to an integer power
IMPRODUCT =IMPRODUCT(inumber1,inumber2,…) Returns the product of complex numbers
IMREAL =IMREAL(inumber) Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSIN =IMSIN(inumber) Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSQRT =IMSQRT(inumber) Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB =IMSUB(inumber1,inumber2) Returns the difference between two complex numbers
IMSUM =IMSUM(inumber1,inumber2,…) Returns the sum of complex numbers
OCT2BIN =OCT2BIN(number,places) Converts an octal number to binary
OCT2DEC =OCT2DEC(number) Converts an octal number to decimal
OCT2HEX =OCT2HEX(number,places) Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

### Financial Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
AMORDEGRC =AMORDEGRC(cost,date_purchased,first_period,salvage,period,rate,basis) Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient
AMORLINC =AMORLINC(cost,date_purchased,first_period,salvage,period,rate,basis) Returns the depreciation for each accounting period
DOLLARDE =DOLLARDE(fractional_dollar,fraction) Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number
DOLLARFR =DOLLARFR(decimal_dollar,fraction) Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction
SLN =SLN(cost,salvage,life) Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
SYD =SYD(cost,salvage,life,per) Returns the sum-of-years’ digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period
DB =DB(cost,salvage,life,period,month) Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method
DDB =DDB(cost,salvage,life,period,factor) Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify
EFFECT =EFFECT(nominal_rate,npery) Returns the effective annual interest rate
FV =FV(rate,nper,pmt,pv,type) Returns the future value of an investment
IPMT =IPMT(rate,per,nper,pv,fv,type) Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period
IRR =IRR(values,guess) Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows
MIRR =MIRR(values,finance_rate,reinvest_rate) Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates
NOMINAL =NOMINAL(effect_rate,npery) Returns the annual nominal interest rate
NPER =NPER(rate,pmt,pv,fv,type) Returns the number of periods for an investment
NPV =NPV(rate,value1,value2,…) Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate
PV =PV(rate,nper,pmt,fv,type) Returns the present value of an investment
RATE =RATE(nper,pmt,pv,fv,type,guess) Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity
YIELD =YIELD(settlement,maturity,rate,pr,redemption,frequency,basis) Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINT =ACCRINT(issue,first_interest,settlement,rate,par,frequency,basis,calc_method) Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM =ACCRINTM(issue,settlement,rate,par,basis) Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
COUPDAYBS =COUPDAYBS(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS =COUPDAYS(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC =COUPDAYSNC(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD =COUPNCD(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM =COUPNUM(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD =COUPPCD(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date
CUMIPMT =CUMIPMT(rate,nper,pv,start_period,end_period,type) Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods
CUMPRINC =CUMPRINC(rate,nper,pv,start_period,end_period,type) Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods
DISC =DISC(settlement,maturity,pr,redemption,basis) Returns the discount rate for a security
DURATION =DURATION(settlement,maturity,coupon,yld,frequency,basis) Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments
FVSCHEDULE =FVSCHEDULE(principal,schedule) Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates
INTRATE =INTRATE(settlement,maturity,investment,redemption,basis) Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security
ISPMT =ISPMT(rate,per,nper,pv) Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment
MDURATION =MDURATION(settlement,maturity,coupon,yld,frequency,basis) Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100
ODDFPRICE =ODDFPRICE(settlement,maturity,issue,first_coupon,rate,yld,redemption,frequency,basis) Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDFYIELD =ODDFYIELD(settlement,maturity,issue,first_coupon,rate,pr,redemption,frequency,basis) Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE =ODDLPRICE(settlement,maturity,last_interest,rate,yld,redemption,frequency,basis) Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period
ODDLYIELD =ODDLYIELD(settlement,maturity,last_interest,rate,pr,redemption,frequency,basis) Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period
PMT =PMT(rate,nper,pv,fv,type) Returns the periodic payment for an annuity
PPMT =PPMT(rate,per,nper,pv,fv,type) Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period
PRICE =PRICE(settlement,maturity,rate,yld,redemption,frequency,basis) Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC =PRICEDISC(settlement,maturity,discount,redemption,basis) Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT =PRICEMAT(settlement,maturity,issue,rate,yld,basis) Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
TBILLEQ =TBILLEQ(settlement,maturity,discount) Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill
TBILLPRICE =TBILLPRICE(settlement,maturity,discount) Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill
TBILLYIELD =TBILLYIELD(settlement,maturity,pr) Returns the yield for a Treasury bill
VDB =VDB(cost,salvage,life,start_period,end_period,factor,no_switch) Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method
XIRR =XIRR(values,dates,guess) Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XNPV =XNPV(rate,values,dates) Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
YIELDDISC =YIELDDISC(settlement,maturity,pr,redemption,basis) Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill
YIELDMAT =YIELDMAT(settlement,maturity,issue,rate,pr,basis) Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

### Math and Trigonometry Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
ABS =ABS(number) Returns the absolute value of a number
PRODUCT =PRODUCT(number1,number2,…) Multiplies its arguments
RAND =RAND() Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDBETWEEN =RANDBETWEEN(bottom,top) Returns a random number between the numbers you specify
ROUND =ROUND(number,num_digits) Rounds a number to a specified number of digits
ROUNDDOWN =ROUNDDOWN(number,num_digits) Rounds a number down, toward zero
ROUNDUP =ROUNDUP(number,num_digits) Rounds a number up, away from zero
SUBTOTAL =SUBTOTAL(function_num,ref1,…) Returns a subtotal in a list or database
SUMIF =SUMIF(range,criteria,[sum_range]) Adds the cells specified by a given criteria
SUMIFS =SUMIFS(sum_range,criteria_range,criteria,…) Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria
SUMPRODUCT =SUMPRODUCT(array1,array2,[array3],…) Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components
CEILING =CEILING(number,significance) Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CEILING.PRECISE =CEILING.PRECISE(number,significance) Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.
EVEN =EVEN(number) Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer
EXP =EXP(number) Returns e raised to the power of a given number
FACT =FACT(number) Returns the factorial of a number
FLOOR.PRECISE =FLOOR.PRECISE(number,significance) Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.
GCD =GCD(number1,number2,…) Returns the greatest common divisor
INT =INT(number) Rounds a number down to the nearest integer
ISO.CEILING =ISO.CEILING(number,significance) Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
LCM =LCM(number1,number2,…) Returns the least common multiple
MOD =MOD(number,divisor) Returns the remainder from division
MROUND =MROUND(number,multiple) Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple
ODD =ODD(number) Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer
PI =PI() Returns the value of pi
POWER =POWER(number,power) Returns the result of a number raised to a power
QUOTIENT =QUOTIENT(numerator,denominator) Returns the integer portion of a division
SERIESSUM =SERIESSUM(x,n,m,coefficients) Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula
SIGN =SIGN(number) Returns the sign of a number
SQRT =SQRT(number) Returns a positive square root
SUMSQ =SUMSQ(number1,number2,…) Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments
TRUNC =TRUNC(number,num_digits) Truncates a number to an integer
AGGREGATE =AGGREGATE(function_num,options,array,k) Returns an aggregate in a list or database
COMBIN =COMBIN(number,number_chosen) Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects
COS =COS(number) Returns the cosine of a number
COSH =COSH(number) Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
FACTDOUBLE =FACTDOUBLE(number) Returns the double factorial of a number
LN =LN(number) Returns the natural logarithm of a number
LOG =LOG(number,base) Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base
LOG10 =LOG10(number) Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number
MULTINOMIAL =MULTINOMIAL(number1,number2,…) Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers
SIN =SIN(number) Returns the sine of the given angle
SINH =SINH(number) Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number
SUMX2MY2 =SUMX2MY2(array_x,array_y) Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMX2PY2 =SUMX2PY2(array_x,array_y) Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMXMY2 =SUMXMY2(array_x,array_y) Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays
TAN =TAN(number) Returns the tangent of a number
TANH =TANH(number) Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number
ACOS =ACOS(number) Returns the arccosine of a number
ACOSH =ACOSH(number) Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
ASIN =ASIN(number) Returns the arcsine of a number
ASINH =ASINH(number) Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number
ATAN =ATAN(number) Returns the arctangent of a number
ATAN2 =ATAN2(x_num,y_num) Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates
ATANH =ATANH(number) Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number
DEGREES =DEGREES(angle) Converts radians to degrees
MDETERM =MDETERM(array) Returns the matrix determinant of an array
MINVERSE =MINVERSE(array) Returns the matrix inverse of an array
MMULT =MMULT(array1,array2) Returns the matrix product of two arrays
ROMAN =ROMAN(number,form) Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text
SQRTPI =SQRTPI(number) Returns the square root of (number * pi)

### Statistical Excel Formulas & Functions

Functions Excel Formulas Description
AVERAGE =AVERAGE(number1,number2,…) Returns the average of its arguments
AVERAGEIF =AVERAGEIF(range,criteria,[average_range]) Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria
COUNT =COUNT(value1,value2,…) Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments
COUNTA =COUNTA(value1,value2,…) Counts how many values are in the list of arguments
COUNTBLANK =COUNTBLANK(range) Counts the number of blank cells within a range
COUNTIF =COUNTIF(range,criteria) Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria
COUNTIFS =COUNTIFS(criteria_range,criteria,…) Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria
MAX =MAX(number1,number2,…) Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments
MEDIAN =MEDIAN(number1,number2,…) Returns the median of the given numbers
MIN =MIN(number1,number2,…) Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments
TEXT =TEXT(value,format_text) Formats a number and converts it to text
AVERAGEA =AVERAGEA(value1,value2,…) Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
AVERAGEIFS =AVERAGEIFS(average_range,criteria_range,criteria,…) Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria
GEOMEAN =GEOMEAN(number1,number2,…) Returns the geometric mean
INTERCEPT =INTERCEPT(known_y’s,known_x’s) Returns the intercept of the linear regression line
LARGE =LARGE(array,k) Returns the k-th largest value in a data set
LINEST =LINEST(known_y’s,known_x’s,const,stats) Returns the parameters of a linear trend
LOGEST =LOGEST(known_y’s,known_x’s,const,stats) Returns the parameters of an exponential trend
MAXA =MAXA(value1,value2,…) Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MINA =MINA(value1,value2,…) Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MODE.MULT =MODE.MULT(number1,number2,…) Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data
MODE.SNGL =MODE.SNGL(number1,number2,…) Returns the most common value in a data set
PROB =PROB(x_range,prob_range,lower_limit,upper_limit) Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits
RANK.AVG =RANK.AVG(number,ref,order) Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RANK.EQ =RANK.EQ(number,ref,order) Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
SKEW =SKEW(number1,number2,…) Returns the skewness of a distribution
SLOPE =SLOPE(known_y’s,known_x’s) Returns the slope of the linear regression line
SMALL =SMALL(array,k) Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set
STANDARDIZE =STANDARDIZE(x,mean,standard_dev) Returns a normalized value
TREND =TREND(known_y’s,known_x’s,new_x’s,const) Returns values along a linear trend
NORM.S.INV =NORM.S.INV(probability) Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
AVEDEV =AVEDEV(number1,number2,…) Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
BETA.DIST =BETA.DIST(x,alpha,beta,cumulative,A,B) Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETA.INV =BETA.INV(probability,alpha,beta,A,B) Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BINOM.DIST =BINOM.DIST(number_s,trials,probability_s,cumulative) Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
BINOM.INV =BINOM.INV(trials,probability_s,alpha) Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
CHISQ.DIST =CHISQ.DIST(x,deg_freedom,cumulative) Returns the cumulative beta probability density function
CHISQ.DIST.RT =CHISQ.DIST.RT(x,deg_freedom) Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.INV =CHISQ.INV(probability,deg_freedom) Returns the cumulative beta probability density function
CHISQ.INV.RT =CHISQ.INV.RT(probability,deg_freedom) Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.TEST =CHISQ.TEST(actual_range,expected_range) Returns the test for independence
CONFIDENCE.NORM =CONFIDENCE.NORM(alpha,standard_dev,size) Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CONFIDENCE.T =CONFIDENCE.T(alpha,standard_dev,size) Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student’s t distribution
CORREL =CORREL(array1,array2) Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets
COVARIANCE.P =COVARIANCE.P(array1,array2) Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
COVARIANCE.S =COVARIANCE.S(array1,array2) Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets
DEVSQ =DEVSQ(number1,number2,…) Returns the sum of squares of deviations
EXPON.DIST =EXPON.DIST(x,lambda,cumulative) Returns the exponential distribution
F.DIST =F.DIST(x,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2,cumulative) Returns the F probability distribution
F.DIST.RT =F.DIST.RT(x,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2) Returns the F probability distribution
F.INV =F.INV(probability,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2) Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
F.INV.RT =F.INV.RT(probability,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2) Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
F.TEST =F.TEST(array1,array2) Returns the result of an F-test
FISHER =FISHER(x) Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV =FISHERINV(y) Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FREQUENCY =FREQUENCY(data_array,bins_array) Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array
GAMMA.DIST =GAMMA.DIST(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMA.INV =GAMMA.INV(probability,alpha,beta) Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMALN =GAMMALN(x) Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, G(x)
GAMMALN.PRECISE =GAMMALN.PRECISE(x) Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, G(x)
GROWTH =GROWTH(known_y’s,known_x’s,new_x’s,const) Returns values along an exponential trend
HARMEAN =HARMEAN(number1,number2,…) Returns the harmonic mean
HYPGEOM.DIST =HYPGEOM.DIST(sample_s,number_sample,population_s,number_pop,cumulative) Returns the hypergeometric distribution
KURT =KURT(number1,number2,…) Returns the kurtosis of a data set
LOGNORM.DIST =LOGNORM.DIST(x,mean,standard_dev,cumulative) Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
LOGNORM.INV =LOGNORM.INV(probability,mean,standard_dev) Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution
NEGBINOM.DIST =NEGBINOM.DIST(number_f,number_s,probability_s,cumulative) Returns the negative binomial distribution
NORM.DIST =NORM.DIST(x,mean,standard_dev,cumulative) Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.INV =NORM.INV(probability,mean,standard_dev) Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.S.DIST =NORM.S.DIST(z,cumulative) Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
PEARSON =PEARSON(array1,array2) Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PERCENTILE.EXC =PERCENTILE.EXC(array,k) Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive
PERCENTILE.INC =PERCENTILE.INC(array,k) Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTRANK.EXC =PERCENTRANK.EXC(array,x,significance) Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set
PERCENTRANK.INC =PERCENTRANK.INC(array,x,significance) Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERMUT =PERMUT(number,number_chosen) Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
POISSON.DIST =POISSON.DIST(x,mean,cumulative) Returns the Poisson distribution
QUARTILE.EXC =QUARTILE.EXC(array,quart) Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive
QUARTILE.INC =QUARTILE.INC(array,quart) Returns the quartile of a data set
RSQ =RSQ(known_y’s,known_x’s) Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
STDEV.P =STDEV.P(number1,number2,…) Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEV.S =STDEV.S(number1,number2,…) Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVA =STDEVA(value1,value2,…) Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
STDEVPA =STDEVPA(value1,value2,…) Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
STEYX =STEYX(known_y’s,known_x’s) Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression
T.DIST =T.DIST(x,deg_freedom,cumulative) Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution
T.DIST.2T =T.DIST.2T(x,deg_freedom) Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution
T.DIST.RT =T.DIST.RT(x,deg_freedom) Returns the Student’s t-distribution
T.INV =T.INV(probability,deg_freedom) Returns the t-value of the Student’s t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom
T.INV.2T =T.INV.2T(probability,deg_freedom) Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution
T.TEST =T.TEST(array1,array2,tails,type) Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test
TRIMMEAN =TRIMMEAN(array,percent) Returns the mean of the interior of a data set
VAR.P =VAR.P(number1,number2,…) Calculates variance based on the entire population
VAR.S =VAR.S(number1,number2,…) Estimates variance based on a sample
VARA =VARA(value1,value2,…) Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
VARPA =VARPA(value1,value2,…) Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
WEIBULL.DIST =WEIBULL.DIST(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) Returns the Weibull distribution
Z.TEST =Z.TEST(array,x,sigma) Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

## Excel Fomulas PDF & Functions

A formulas in Excel is a mathematical expression that retures specific result. List of some useful Excel Fomulas & Functions as Follows:
• = 1+ 3 // returns 4
• = 9 / 3 // returns 3
• = SUM(1,3,5) // returns 9
• = SUM(A1:A3) // returns A1+A2+A3
• = AVERAGE(3,4,5) //returns 6
• = MIN(2,5,4) // returns 2
• = MAX(2,5,4) // returns 5
• =COUNTIF (range, criteria) // two arguments