Functions | Syntax | Description |
---|---|---|

DATE | =DATE(year,month,day) | Returns the serial number of a particular date |

DATEVALUE | =DATEVALUE(date_text) | Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number |

DAY | =DAY(serial_number) | Converts a serial number to a day of the month |

HOUR | =HOUR(serial_number) | Converts a serial number to an hour |

MINUTE | =MINUTE(serial_number) | Converts a serial number to a minute |

MONTH | =MONTH(serial_number) | Converts a serial number to a month |

NOW | =NOW() | Returns the serial number of the current date and time |

SECOND | =SECOND(serial_number) | Converts a serial number to a second |

TIME | =TIME(hour,minute,second) | Returns the serial number of a particular time |

TIMEVALUE | =TIMEVALUE(time_text) | Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number |

TODAY | =TODAY() | Returns the serial number of today’s date |

YEAR | =YEAR(serial_number) | Converts a serial number to a year |

CELL | =CELL(info_type, [reference]) | Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell |

ISBLANK | =ISBLANK(value) | Returns TRUE if the value is blank |

ISERROR | =ISERROR(value) | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value |

ISNONTEXT | =ISNONTEXT(value) | Returns TRUE if the value is not text |

ISNUMBER | =ISNUMBER(value) | Returns TRUE if the value is a number |

ISTEXT | =ISTEXT(value) | Returns TRUE if the value is text |

AND | =AND(logical1,logical2,…) | Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE |

FALSE | =FALSE | Returns the logical value FALSE |

IF | =IF(logical_test, [value_if_true], [value_if_false]) | Specifies a logical test to perform |

IFERROR | =IFERROR(value, value_if_error) | Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula |

NOT | =NOT(logical) | Reverses the logic of its argument |

OR | =OR(logical1,logical2,…) | Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE |

TRUE | =TRUE | Returns the logical value TRUE |

ADDRESS | =ADDRESS(row_num, column_num, [abs_num], [a1], [sheet_text]) | Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet |

COLUMN | =COLUMN([reference]) | Returns the column number of a reference |

COLUMNS | =COLUMNS(array) | Returns the number of columns in a reference |

HLOOKUP | =HLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,row_index_num,[range_lookup]) | Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell |

INDEX | =INDEX(array,row_num,[column_num]) – 2 types | Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array |

INDIRECT | =INDIRECT(ref_text,a1) | Returns a reference indicated by a text value |

LOOKUP | =LOOKUP(lookup_value, array) – 2 types | Looks up values in a vector or array |

MATCH | =MATCH(lookup_value,lookup_array,match_type) | Looks up values in a reference or array |

OFFSET | =OFFSET(reference,rows,cols,height,width) | Returns a reference offset from a given reference |

ROW | =ROW([reference]) | Returns the row number of a reference |

ROWS | =ROWS(array) | Returns the number of rows in a reference |

VLOOKUP | =VLOOKUP(lookup_value,table_array,col_index_num,[range_lookup]) | Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell |

ABS | =ABS(number) | Returns the absolute value of a number |

PRODUCT | =PRODUCT(number1,number2,…) | Multiplies its arguments |

RAND | =RAND() | Returns a random number between 0 and 1 |

RANDBETWEEN | =RANDBETWEEN(bottom,top) | Returns a random number between the numbers you specify |

ROUND | =ROUND(number,num_digits) | Rounds a number to a specified number of digits |

ROUNDDOWN | =ROUNDDOWN(number,num_digits) | Rounds a number down, toward zero |

ROUNDUP | =ROUNDUP(number,num_digits) | Rounds a number up, away from zero |

SUBTOTAL | =SUBTOTAL(function_num,ref1,…) | Returns a subtotal in a list or database |

SUM | =SUM(number1,number2,…) | Adds its arguments |

SUMIF | =SUMIF(range,criteria,[sum_range]) | Adds the cells specified by a given criteria |

SUMIFS | =SUMIFS(sum_range,criteria_range,criteria,…) | Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria |

SUMPRODUCT | =SUMPRODUCT(array1,array2,[array3],…) | Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components |

AVERAGE | =AVERAGE(number1,number2,…) | Returns the average of its arguments |

AVERAGEIF | =AVERAGEIF(range,criteria,[average_range]) | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria |

COUNT | =COUNT(value1,value2,…) | Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments |

COUNTA | =COUNTA(value1,value2,…) | Counts how many values are in the list of arguments |

COUNTBLANK | =COUNTBLANK(range) | Counts the number of blank cells within a range |

COUNTIF | =COUNTIF(range,criteria) | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria |

COUNTIFS | =COUNTIFS(criteria_range,criteria,…) | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria |

MAX | =MAX(number1,number2,…) | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments |

MEDIAN | =MEDIAN(number1,number2,…) | Returns the median of the given numbers |

MIN | =MIN(number1,number2,…) | Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments |

CONCATENATE | =CONCATENATE(text1,text2,…) | Joins several text items into one text item. Easier to use ‘&’ instead of the function usually. |

EXACT | =EXACT(text1,text2) | Checks to see if two text values are identical |

FIND | =FIND(find_text,within_text,start_num) | Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) |

LEFT | =LEFT(text,num_chars) | Returns the leftmost characters from a text value |

LEN | =LEN(text) | Returns the number of characters in a text string |

LOWER | =LOWER(text) | Converts text to lowercase |

MID | =MID(text,start_num,num_chars) | Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify |

PROPER | =PROPER(text) | Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value |

REPLACE | =REPLACE(old_text,start_num,num_chars,new_text) | Replaces characters within text |

RIGHT | =RIGHT(text,num_chars) | Returns the rightmost characters from a text value |

SEARCH | =SEARCH(find_text,within_text,start_num) | Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) |

TEXT | =TEXT(value,format_text) | Formats a number and converts it to text |

TRIM | =TRIM(text) | Removes spaces from text |

UPPER | =UPPER(text) | Converts text to uppercase |

DGET | =DGET(database,field,criteria) | Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria |

DSUM | =DSUM(database,field,criteria) | Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria |

DAYS360 | =DAYS360(start_date,end_date,method) | Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year |

EDATE | =EDATE(start_date,months) | Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date |

EOMONTH | =EOMONTH(start_date,months) | Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months |

NETWORKDAYS | =NETWORKDAYS(start_date,end_date,[holidays]) | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates |

NETWORKDAYS.INTL | =NETWORKDAYS.INTL(start_date,end_date,[weekend],[holidays]) | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days |

WEEKDAY | =WEEKDAY(serial_number,[return_type]) | Converts a serial number to a day of the week |

WEEKNUM | =WEEKNUM(serial_number,[return_type]) | Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year |

WORKDAY | =WORKDAY(start_date, days, [holidays]) | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays |

WORKDAY.INTL | =WORKDAY.INTL(start_date,days,weekend,holidays) | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days |

YEARFRAC | =YEARFRAC(start_date,end_date,basis) | Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date |

CONVERT | =CONVERT(number,from_unit,to_unit) | Converts a number from one measurement system to another |

DELTA | =DELTA(number1,number2) | Tests whether two values are equal |

ERF | =ERF(lower_limit,upper_limit) | Returns the error function |

ERFC | =ERFC(x) | Returns the complementary error function |

GESTEP | =GESTEP(number,step) | Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value |

AMORDEGRC | =AMORDEGRC(cost,date_purchased,first_period,salvage,period,rate,basis) | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient |

AMORLINC | =AMORLINC(cost,date_purchased,first_period,salvage,period,rate,basis) | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period |

DOLLARDE | =DOLLARDE(fractional_dollar,fraction) | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number |

DOLLARFR | =DOLLARFR(decimal_dollar,fraction) | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction |

SLN | =SLN(cost,salvage,life) | Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period |

SYD | =SYD(cost,salvage,life,per) | Returns the sum-of-years’ digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period |

ERROR.TYPE | =ERROR.TYPE(error_val) | Returns a number corresponding to an error type |

INFO | =INFO(type_text) | Returns information about the current operating environment |

ISERR | =ISERR(value) | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A |

ISEVEN | =ISEVEN(number) | Returns TRUE if the number is even |

ISLOGICAL | =ISLOGICAL(value) | Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value |

ISNA | =ISNA(value) | Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value |

ISODD | =ISODD(number) | Returns TRUE if the number is odd |

ISREF | =ISREF(value) | Returns TRUE if the value is a reference |

N | =N(value) | Returns a value converted to a number |

NA | =NA() | Returns the error value #N/A |

TYPE | =TYPE(value) | Returns a number indicating the data type of a value |

CHOOSE | =CHOOSE(index_num,value1,value2,…) | Chooses a value from a list of values |

GETPIVOTDATA | =GETPIVOTDATA(data_field,pivot_table,field,item,…) | Returns data stored in a PivotTable report |

HYPERLINK | =HYPERLINK(link_location,friendly_name) | Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet |

TRANSPOSE | =TRANSPOSE(array) | Returns the transpose of an array |

CEILING | =CEILING(number,significance) | Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

CEILING.PRECISE | =CEILING.PRECISE(number,significance) | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. |

EVEN | =EVEN(number) | Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer |

EXP | =EXP(number) | Returns e raised to the power of a given number |

FACT | =FACT(number) | Returns the factorial of a number |

FLOOR | =FLOOR(number,significance) | Rounds a number down, toward zero |

FLOOR.PRECISE | =FLOOR.PRECISE(number,significance) | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. |

GCD | =GCD(number1,number2,…) | Returns the greatest common divisor |

INT | =INT(number) | Rounds a number down to the nearest integer |

ISO.CEILING | =ISO.CEILING(number,significance) | Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

LCM | =LCM(number1,number2,…) | Returns the least common multiple |

MOD | =MOD(number,divisor) | Returns the remainder from division |

MROUND | =MROUND(number,multiple) | Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple |

ODD | =ODD(number) | Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer |

PI | =PI() | Returns the value of pi |

POWER | =POWER(number,power) | Returns the result of a number raised to a power |

QUOTIENT | =QUOTIENT(numerator,denominator) | Returns the integer portion of a division |

SERIESSUM | =SERIESSUM(x,n,m,coefficients) | Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula |

SIGN | =SIGN(number) | Returns the sign of a number |

SQRT | =SQRT(number) | Returns a positive square root |

SUMSQ | =SUMSQ(number1,number2,…) | Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments |

TRUNC | =TRUNC(number,num_digits) | Truncates a number to an integer |

AVERAGEA | =AVERAGEA(value1,value2,…) | Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

AVERAGEIFS | =AVERAGEIFS(average_range,criteria_range,criteria,…) | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria. |

GEOMEAN | =GEOMEAN(number1,number2,…) | Returns the geometric mean |

INTERCEPT | =INTERCEPT(known_y’s,known_x’s) | Returns the intercept of the linear regression line |

LARGE | =LARGE(array,k) | Returns the k-th largest value in a data set |

LINEST | =LINEST(known_y’s,known_x’s,const,stats) | Returns the parameters of a linear trend |

LOGEST | =LOGEST(known_y’s,known_x’s,const,stats) | Returns the parameters of an exponential trend |

MAXA | =MAXA(value1,value2,…) | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

MINA | =MINA(value1,value2,…) | Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

MODE.MULT | =MODE.MULT(number1,number2,…) | Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data |

MODE.SNGL | =MODE.SNGL(number1,number2,…) | Returns the most common value in a data set |

PROB | =PROB(x_range,prob_range,lower_limit,upper_limit) | Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits |

RANK.AVG | =RANK.AVG(number,ref,order) | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

RANK.EQ | =RANK.EQ(number,ref,order) | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

SKEW | =SKEW(number1,number2,…) | Returns the skewness of a distribution |

SLOPE | =SLOPE(known_y’s,known_x’s) | Returns the slope of the linear regression line |

SMALL | =SMALL(array,k) | Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set |

STANDARDIZE | =STANDARDIZE(x,mean,standard_dev) | Returns a normalized value |

TREND | =TREND(known_y’s,known_x’s,new_x’s,const) | Returns values along a linear trend |

CHAR | =CHAR(number) | Returns the character specified by the code number |

CLEAN | =CLEAN(text) | Removes all nonprintable characters from text |

CODE | =CODE(text) | Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string |

DOLLAR | =DOLLAR(number,decimals) | Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format |

FIXED | =FIXED(number,decimals,no_commas) | Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals |

PHONETIC | =PHONETIC(reference) | Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string |

REPT | =REPT(text,number_times) | Repeats text a given number of times |

SUBSTITUTE | =SUBSTITUTE(text,old_text,new_text,instance_num) | Substitutes new text for old text in a text string |

T | =T(value) | Converts its arguments to text |

VALUE | =VALUE(text) | Converts a text argument to a number |

BINOMDIST | =BINOMDIST(number_s,trials,probability_s,cumulative) | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability |

CHIDIST | =CHIDIST(x,deg_freedom) | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHIINV | =CHIINV(probability,deg_freedom) | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHITEST | =CHITEST(actual_range,expected_range) | Returns the test for independence |

CONFIDENCE | =CONFIDENCE(alpha,standard_dev,size) | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean |

FTEST | =FTEST(array1,array2) | |

LOGINV | =LOGINV(probability,mean,standard_dev) | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution |

LOGNORMDIST | =LOGNORMDIST(x,mean,standard_dev) | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution |

MODE | =MODE(number1,number2,…) | Returns the most common value in a data set |

NORMDIST | =NORMDIST(x,mean,standard_dev,cumulative) | Returns the normal cumulative distribution |

NORMINV | =NORMINV(probability,mean,standard_dev) | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution |

NORMSDIST | =NORMSDIST(z) | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NORMSINV | =NORMSINV(probability) | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution |

PERCENTILE | =PERCENTILE(array,k) | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range |

PERCENTRANK | =PERCENTRANK(array,x,significance) | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set |

POISSON | =POISSON(x,mean,cumulative) | Returns the Poisson distribution |

QUARTILE | =QUARTILE(array,quart) | Returns the quartile of a data set |

RANK | =RANK(number,ref,order) | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

STDEV | =STDEV(number1,number2,…) | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample |

STDEVP | =STDEVP(number1,number2,…) | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population |

TDIST | =TDIST(x,deg_freedom,tails) | Returns the Student’s t-distribution |

TINV | =TINV(probability,deg_freedom) | Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution |

VAR | =VAR(number1,number2,…) | Estimates variance based on a sample |

VARP | =VARP(number1,number2,…) | Calculates variance based on the entire population |

DAVERAGE | =DAVERAGE(database,field,criteria) | Returns the average of selected database entries |

DCOUNT | =DCOUNT(database,field,criteria) | Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database |

DCOUNTA | =DCOUNTA(database,field,criteria) | Counts nonblank cells in a database |

DMAX | =DMAX(database,field,criteria) | Returns the maximum value from selected database entries |

DMIN | =DMIN(database,field,criteria) | Returns the minimum value from selected database entries |

DPRODUCT | =DPRODUCT(database,field,criteria) | Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database |

DSTDEV | =DSTDEV(database,field,criteria) | Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries |

DSTDEVP | =DSTDEVP(database,field,criteria) | Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries |

DVAR | =DVAR(database,field,criteria) | Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries |

DVARP | =DVARP(database,field,criteria) | Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries |

ERF.PRECISE | =ERF.PRECISE(X) | Returns the error function |

ERFC.PRECISE | =ERFC.PRECISE(X) | Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity |

DB | =DB(cost,salvage,life,period,month) | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method |

DDB | =DDB(cost,salvage,life,period,factor) | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify |

EFFECT | =EFFECT(nominal_rate,npery) | Returns the effective annual interest rate |

FV | =FV(rate,nper,pmt,pv,type) | Returns the future value of an investment |

IPMT | =IPMT(rate,per,nper,pv,fv,type) | Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period |

IRR | =IRR(values,guess) | Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows |

MIRR | =MIRR(values,finance_rate,reinvest_rate) | Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates |

NOMINAL | =NOMINAL(effect_rate,npery) | Returns the annual nominal interest rate |

NPER | =NPER(rate,pmt,pv,fv,type) | Returns the number of periods for an investment |

NPV | =NPV(rate,value1,value2,…) | Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate |

PV | =PV(rate,nper,pmt,fv,type) | Returns the present value of an investment |

RATE | =RATE(nper,pmt,pv,fv,type,guess) | Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity |

YIELD | =YIELD(settlement,maturity,rate,pr,redemption,frequency,basis) | Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest |

AREAS | =AREAS(reference) | Returns the number of areas in a reference |

RTD | =RTD(progID,server,topic1,topic2,…) | Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation (Automation: A way to work with an application’s objects from another application or development tool. Formerly called OLE Automation, Automation is an industry standard and a feature of the Component Object Model (COM).) |

AGGREGATE | =AGGREGATE(function_num,options,array,k) | Returns an aggregate in a list or database |

COMBIN | =COMBIN(number,number_chosen) | Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects |

COS | =COS(number) | Returns the cosine of a number |

COSH | =COSH(number) | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number |

FACTDOUBLE | =FACTDOUBLE(number) | Returns the double factorial of a number |

LN | =LN(number) | Returns the natural logarithm of a number |

LOG | =LOG(number,base) | Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base |

LOG10 | =LOG10(number) | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number |

MULTINOMIAL | =MULTINOMIAL(number1,number2,…) | Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers |

SIN | =SIN(number) | Returns the sine of the given angle |

SINH | =SINH(number) | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number |

SUMX2MY2 | =SUMX2MY2(array_x,array_y) | Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays |

SUMX2PY2 | =SUMX2PY2(array_x,array_y) | Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays |

SUMXMY2 | =SUMXMY2(array_x,array_y) | Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays |

TAN | =TAN(number) | Returns the tangent of a number |

TANH | =TANH(number) | Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number |

NORM.S.INV | =NORM.S.INV(probability) | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution |

AVEDEV | =AVEDEV(number1,number2,…) | Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean |

BETA.DIST | =BETA.DIST(x,alpha,beta,cumulative,A,B) | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function |

BETA.INV | =BETA.INV(probability,alpha,beta,A,B) | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution |

BINOM.DIST | =BINOM.DIST(number_s,trials,probability_s,cumulative) | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability |

BINOM.INV | =BINOM.INV(trials,probability_s,alpha) | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value |

CHISQ.DIST | =CHISQ.DIST(x,deg_freedom,cumulative) | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function |

CHISQ.DIST.RT | =CHISQ.DIST.RT(x,deg_freedom) | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHISQ.INV | =CHISQ.INV(probability,deg_freedom) | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function |

CHISQ.INV.RT | =CHISQ.INV.RT(probability,deg_freedom) | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHISQ.TEST | =CHISQ.TEST(actual_range,expected_range) | Returns the test for independence |

CONFIDENCE.NORM | =CONFIDENCE.NORM(alpha,standard_dev,size) | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean |

CONFIDENCE.T | =CONFIDENCE.T(alpha,standard_dev,size) | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student’s t distribution |

CORREL | =CORREL(array1,array2) | Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets |

COVARIANCE.P | =COVARIANCE.P(array1,array2) | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations |

COVARIANCE.S | =COVARIANCE.S(array1,array2) | Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets |

DEVSQ | =DEVSQ(number1,number2,…) | Returns the sum of squares of deviations |

EXPON.DIST | =EXPON.DIST(x,lambda,cumulative) | Returns the exponential distribution |

F.DIST | =F.DIST(x,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2,cumulative) | Returns the F probability distribution |

F.DIST.RT | =F.DIST.RT(x,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2) | Returns the F probability distribution |

F.INV | =F.INV(probability,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2) | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

F.INV.RT | =F.INV.RT(probability,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2) | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

F.TEST | =F.TEST(array1,array2) | Returns the result of an F-test |

FINV | =FINV(probability,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2) | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

FISHER | =FISHER(x) | Returns the Fisher transformation |

FISHERINV | =FISHERINV(y) | Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation |

FORECAST | =FORECAST(x,known_y’s,known_x’s) | Returns a value along a linear trend |

FREQUENCY | =FREQUENCY(data_array,bins_array) | Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array |

GAMMA.DIST | =GAMMA.DIST(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) | Returns the gamma distribution |

GAMMA.INV | =GAMMA.INV(probability,alpha,beta) | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution |

GAMMALN | =GAMMALN(x) | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) |

GAMMALN.PRECISE | =GAMMALN.PRECISE(x) | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x) |

GROWTH | =GROWTH(known_y’s,known_x’s,new_x’s,const) | Returns values along an exponential trend |

HARMEAN | =HARMEAN(number1,number2,…) | Returns the harmonic mean |

HYPGEOM.DIST | =HYPGEOM.DIST(sample_s,number_sample,population_s,number_pop,cumulative) | Returns the hypergeometric distribution |

KURT | =KURT(number1,number2,…) | Returns the kurtosis of a data set |

LOGNORM.DIST | =LOGNORM.DIST(x,mean,standard_dev,cumulative) | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution |

LOGNORM.INV | =LOGNORM.INV(probability,mean,standard_dev) | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution |

NEGBINOM.DIST | =NEGBINOM.DIST(number_f,number_s,probability_s,cumulative) | Returns the negative binomial distribution |

NORM.DIST | =NORM.DIST(x,mean,standard_dev,cumulative) | Returns the normal cumulative distribution |

NORM.INV | =NORM.INV(probability,mean,standard_dev) | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution |

NORM.S.DIST | =NORM.S.DIST(z,cumulative) | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution |

PEARSON | =PEARSON(array1,array2) | Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient |

PERCENTILE.EXC | =PERCENTILE.EXC(array,k) | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive |

PERCENTILE.INC | =PERCENTILE.INC(array,k) | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range |

PERCENTRANK.EXC | =PERCENTRANK.EXC(array,x,significance) | Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set |

PERCENTRANK.INC | =PERCENTRANK.INC(array,x,significance) | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set |

PERMUT | =PERMUT(number,number_chosen) | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects |

POISSON.DIST | =POISSON.DIST(x,mean,cumulative) | Returns the Poisson distribution |

QUARTILE.EXC | =QUARTILE.EXC(array,quart) | Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive |

QUARTILE.INC | =QUARTILE.INC(array,quart) | Returns the quartile of a data set |

RSQ | =RSQ(known_y’s,known_x’s) | Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient |

STDEV.P | =STDEV.P(number1,number2,…) | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population |

STDEV.S | =STDEV.S(number1,number2,…) | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample |

STDEVA | =STDEVA(value1,value2,…) | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values |

STDEVPA | =STDEVPA(value1,value2,…) | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values |

STEYX | =STEYX(known_y’s,known_x’s) | Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression |

T.DIST | =T.DIST(x,deg_freedom,cumulative) | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution |

T.DIST.2T | =T.DIST.2T(x,deg_freedom) | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution |

T.DIST.RT | =T.DIST.RT(x,deg_freedom) | Returns the Student’s t-distribution |

T.INV | =T.INV(probability,deg_freedom) | Returns the t-value of the Student’s t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom |

T.INV.2T | =T.INV.2T(probability,deg_freedom) | Returns the inverse of the Student’s t-distribution |

T.TEST | =T.TEST(array1,array2,tails,type) | Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test |

TRIMMEAN | =TRIMMEAN(array,percent) | Returns the mean of the interior of a data set |

VAR.P | =VAR.P(number1,number2,…) | Calculates variance based on the entire population |

VAR.S | =VAR.S(number1,number2,…) | Estimates variance based on a sample |

VARA | =VARA(value1,value2,…) | Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values |

VARPA | =VARPA(value1,value2,…) | Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values |

WEIBULL.DIST | =WEIBULL.DIST(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) | Returns the Weibull distribution |

Z.TEST | =Z.TEST(array,x,sigma) | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test |

ASC | =ASC(text) | Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters |

BETADIST | =BETADIST(x,alpha,beta,A,B) | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function |

BETAINV | =BETAINV(probability,alpha,beta,A,B) | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution |

COVAR | =COVAR(array1,array2) | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations |

CRITBINOM | =CRITBINOM(trials,probability_s,alpha) | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value |

EXPONDIST | =EXPONDIST(x,lambda,cumulative) | Returns the exponential distribution |

FDIST | =FDIST(x,deg_freedom1,deg_freedom2) | Returns the F probability distribution |

GAMMADIST | =GAMMADIST(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) | Returns the gamma distribution |

GAMMAINV | =GAMMAINV(probability,alpha,beta) | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution |

HYPGEOMDIST | =HYPGEOMDIST(sample_s,number_sample,population_s,number_pop) | Returns the hypergeometric distribution |

NEGBINOMDIST | =NEGBINOMDIST(number_f,number_s,probability_s) | Returns the negative binomial distribution |

TTEST | =TTEST(array1,array2,tails,type) | Returns the probability associated with a Student’s t-test |

WEIBULL | =WEIBULL(x,alpha,beta,cumulative) | Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values |

ZTEST | =ZTEST(array,x,sigma) | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test |

BESSELI | =BESSELI(x,n) | Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) |

BESSELJ | =BESSELJ(x,n) | Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) |

BESSELK | =BESSELK(x,n) | Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) |

BESSELY | =BESSELY(x,n) | Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) |

BIN2DEC | =BIN2DEC(number) | Converts a binary number to decimal |

BIN2HEX | =BIN2HEX(number,places) | Converts a binary number to hexadecimal |

BIN2OCT | =BIN2OCT(number,places) | Converts a binary number to octal |

COMPLEX | =COMPLEX(real_num,i_num,suffix) | Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number |

DEC2BIN | =DEC2BIN(number,places) | Converts a decimal number to binary |

DEC2HEX | =DEC2HEX(number,places) | Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal |

DEC2OCT | =DEC2OCT(number,places) | Converts a decimal number to octal |

HEX2BIN | =HEX2BIN(number,places) | Converts a hexadecimal number to binary |

HEX2DEC | =HEX2DEC(number) | Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal |

HEX2OCT | =HEX2OCT(number,places) | Converts a hexadecimal number to octal |

IMABS | =IMABS(inumber) | Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number |

IMAGINARY | =IMAGINARY(inumber) | Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number |

IMARGUMENT | =IMARGUMENT(inumber) | Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians |

IMCONJUGATE | =IMCONJUGATE(inumber) | Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number |

IMCOS | =IMCOS(inumber) | Returns the cosine of a complex number |

IMDIV | =IMDIV(inumber1,inumber2) | Returns the quotient of two complex numbers |

IMEXP | =IMEXP(inumber) | Returns the exponential of a complex number |

IMLN | =IMLN(inumber) | Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number |

IMLOG10 | =IMLOG10(inumber) | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number |

IMLOG2 | =IMLOG2(inumber) | Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number |

IMPOWER | =IMPOWER(inumber,number) | Returns a complex number raised to an integer power |

IMPRODUCT | =IMPRODUCT(inumber1,inumber2,…) | Returns the product of complex numbers |

IMREAL | =IMREAL(inumber) | Returns the real coefficient of a complex number |

IMSIN | =IMSIN(inumber) | Returns the sine of a complex number |

IMSQRT | =IMSQRT(inumber) | Returns the square root of a complex number |

IMSUB | =IMSUB(inumber1,inumber2) | Returns the difference between two complex numbers |

IMSUM | =IMSUM(inumber1,inumber2,…) | Returns the sum of complex numbers |

OCT2BIN | =OCT2BIN(number,places) | Converts an octal number to binary |

OCT2DEC | =OCT2DEC(number) | Converts an octal number to decimal |

OCT2HEX | =OCT2HEX(number,places) | Converts an octal number to hexadecimal |

ACCRINT | =ACCRINT(issue,first_interest,settlement,rate,par,frequency,basis,calc_method) | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest |

ACCRINTM | =ACCRINTM(issue,settlement,rate,par,basis) | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity |

COUPDAYBS | =COUPDAYBS(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) | Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date |

COUPDAYS | =COUPDAYS(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) | Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date |

COUPDAYSNC | =COUPDAYSNC(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) | Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date |

COUPNCD | =COUPNCD(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) | Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date |

COUPNUM | =COUPNUM(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) | Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date |

COUPPCD | =COUPPCD(settlement,maturity,frequency,basis) | Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date |

CUMIPMT | =CUMIPMT(rate,nper,pv,start_period,end_period,type) | Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods |

CUMPRINC | =CUMPRINC(rate,nper,pv,start_period,end_period,type) | Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods |

DISC | =DISC(settlement,maturity,pr,redemption,basis) | Returns the discount rate for a security |

DURATION | =DURATION(settlement,maturity,coupon,yld,frequency,basis) | Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments |

FVSCHEDULE | =FVSCHEDULE(principal,schedule) | Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates |

INTRATE | =INTRATE(settlement,maturity,investment,redemption,basis) | Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security |

ISPMT | =ISPMT(rate,per,nper,pv) | Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment |

MDURATION | =MDURATION(settlement,maturity,coupon,yld,frequency,basis) | Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 |

ODDFPRICE | =ODDFPRICE(settlement,maturity,issue,first_coupon,rate,yld,redemption,frequency,basis) | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period |

ODDFYIELD | =ODDFYIELD(settlement,maturity,issue,first_coupon,rate,pr,redemption,frequency,basis) | Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period |

ODDLPRICE | =ODDLPRICE(settlement,maturity,last_interest,rate,yld,redemption,frequency,basis) | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period |

ODDLYIELD | =ODDLYIELD(settlement,maturity,last_interest,rate,pr,redemption,frequency,basis) | Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period |

PMT | =PMT(rate,nper,pv,fv,type) | Returns the periodic payment for an annuity |

PPMT | =PPMT(rate,per,nper,pv,fv,type) | Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period |

PRICE | =PRICE(settlement,maturity,rate,yld,redemption,frequency,basis) | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest |

PRICEDISC | =PRICEDISC(settlement,maturity,discount,redemption,basis) | Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security |

PRICEMAT | =PRICEMAT(settlement,maturity,issue,rate,yld,basis) | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity |

RECEIVED | =RECEIVED(settlement,maturity,investment,discount,basis) | Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security |

TBILLEQ | =TBILLEQ(settlement,maturity,discount) | Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill |

TBILLPRICE | =TBILLPRICE(settlement,maturity,discount) | Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill |

TBILLYIELD | =TBILLYIELD(settlement,maturity,pr) | Returns the yield for a Treasury bill |

VDB | =VDB(cost,salvage,life,start_period,end_period,factor,no_switch) | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method |

XIRR | =XIRR(values,dates,guess) | Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic |

XNPV | =XNPV(rate,values,dates) | Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic |

YIELDDISC | =YIELDDISC(settlement,maturity,pr,redemption,basis) | Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill |

YIELDMAT | =YIELDMAT(settlement,maturity,issue,rate,pr,basis) | Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity |

ACOS | =ACOS(number) | Returns the arccosine of a number |

ACOSH | =ACOSH(number) | Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number |

ASIN | =ASIN(number) | Returns the arcsine of a number |

ASINH | =ASINH(number) | Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number |

ATAN | =ATAN(number) | Returns the arctangent of a number |

ATAN2 | =ATAN2(x_num,y_num) | Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates |

ATANH | =ATANH(number) | Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number |

DEGREES | =DEGREES(angle) | Converts radians to degrees |

MDETERM | =MDETERM(array) | Returns the matrix determinant of an array |

MINVERSE | =MINVERSE(array) | Returns the matrix inverse of an array |

MMULT | =MMULT(array1,array2) | Returns the matrix product of two arrays |

RADIANS | =RADIANS(angle) | Converts degrees to radians |

ROMAN | =ROMAN(number,form) | Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text |

SQRTPI | =SQRTPI(number) | Returns the square root of (number * pi) |

BAHTTEXT | =BAHTTEXT(number) | Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format |

CUBEKPIMEMBER | =CUBEKPIMEMBER(connection,kpi_name,kpi_property,caption) | Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization’s performance. |

CUBEMEMBER | =CUBEMEMBER(connection,member_expression,caption) | Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube. |

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY | =CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY(connection,member_expression,property) | Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member. |

CUBERANKEDMEMBER | =CUBERANKEDMEMBER(connection,set_expression,rank,caption) | Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students. |

CUBESET | =CUBESET(connection,set_expression,caption,sort_order,sort_by) | Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel. |

CUBESETCOUNT | =CUBESETCOUNT(set) | Returns the number of items in a set. |

CUBEVALUE | =CUBEVALUE(connection,member_expression1,…) | Returns an aggregated value from a cube. |

*What do you Understand by the **Advanced Excel Formulas and **Basic Excel Functions?*

This Blog will give you the **Excel formulas PDF**/list of the Key Functions of Excel.

The Excel Functions covered here are: VLOOKUP, INDEX, MATCH, RANK, AVERAGE, SMALL, LARGE, LOOKUP, ROUND, COUNTIFS, SUMIFS, FIND, DATE, and many more.

Not just this much, we’ve got the **MS Excel Formulas PDF list** along with the **Excel Formula Shortcuts** **for Windows** and MAC.

Going Forward, you’ll be Reading about the basic Excel functions, Excel Formula Shortcuts and the **Advanced Excel Formulas **that are must to know for an Excel Lover.

It is worth investing your time and Learning these important, time saving **Excel Shortcuts**.

**Count and Sum: **One of the easiest Excel Function. Count Function and SUM Function in Excel are the most used Functions in Excel. Using this Excel Function, you can Count and SUM based on one or many criteria in Excel

**Logical Function: **Learn to use Excel’s logical functions such as IF, AND, OR and NOT function. Excel’s Logical Function such as IF is responsible to find out whether a Condition meets its requirements or not. The Excel Logical Function Returns the Value if True and some other value if False

**Cell References in Excel: **Cell references will help you to deal in Excel with Ease. Spot the Difference between absolute, relative and mixed reference and half of your task is already done

**Date & Time: **Use the “/” or “-” character if you wish to Enter Date. For time, use “:” (colon). Also, you can enter your date and time together in one cell. The TIME function is a built-in function in Excel known as a Date/Time Function. You can use this as a worksheet function (WS) in Excel. As a worksheet function, the TIME function can be used as a part of a formula in a cell of a worksheet

**Text: **You can Manipulate text strings using various Excel Function.** **

**Lookup & Reference: **Excel comes with many Lookup and Reference functions that lets you find the matching values. These Excel’s lookup & reference functions are: **Excel formulas VLOOKUP**, HLOOKUP, MATCH, INDEX and CHOOSE function

**Financial: ****The** Built-in Financial Functions to solve time Value of Money. These Financial Functions are: PMT, RATE, Type and PV etc.

**Statistical: **There are few very useful statistical functions in Excel. These Statistical Functions are: AVERAGE, AVERAGEIF, Median, Mode, MIN, MAX etc.

**Round: **There are three functions to round numbers in Excel. The ROUND, ROUNDUP and ROUNDDOWN function. The Excel ROUND function returns a number which is a roundup of a given number of digits. Using the ROUND function, you can round to the right or left of the decimal point

**Formula Errors: **There are times when you discover an error value in a cell. These are some common formula errors in Excel. To remove this error value, you must discover what caused the value to appear. You can later edit the formula so that Excel can complete the desired calculation.

**Array Formulas: **Array Formulas are the most Popular and Powerful Tool in Excel. Array Formula is a Formula which doesn’t deal with a Single Cell Value, it deals with a series or an array of Data Values in Excel.

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