One of the most powerful features in Excel is the ability to **calculate **numerical information using **formulas**. Just like a calculator, Excel can add, subtract, multiply, and divide. *This tutorial explains how to write formulas in Excel, beginning with very simple ones. We will learn how to create a formula in Excel using three ways,*

*Constants,**Cell references and**Defined names.*

*Also, we will see how to make formulas using the function wizard or enter a function directly in a cell. *

** Remember: **For starters, any Excel formula begins with the equal sign (

**=**). So, whatever formula you are going to write, begin by typing = either in the destination cell or in the Excel formula bar. Now, let’s have a closer look at

**how we can create formulas in Excel.**

How to make a simple Excel formula by using constants and operators

How to make a simple Excel formula by using constants and operators

In Microsoft Excel formulas, **constants** are numbers, dates or text values that you enter directly in a formula. To create a simple Excel formula using constants, let’s go through the following steps::

In this example, we have selected cell **A1**. Now Type the equal symbol **(=)**.

Now we can start typing our formula here. In this stage, we can type the formula in 2 ways. One is typing the formula directly **inside the cell **and another way is to select the cell and type the formula in **Formula Bar **as like above picture.

**Step 1:** Select a **Cell**.

**Step 2: **Type the equation you want to calculate.

**Step 03: **Press the **Enter** key to complete formula.

Still confuse about how to create formula is Excel? This tips will solved your querry

* *** Tips 1: **We can notice that in above picture when we select this cell to contain a formula, It shows the result

**1500**, but the formula bar is showing the formula inside this cell

**(=1100-100+500)**. But when we double-click on the cell, we can see the formula also inside the cell.

In our next steps, we will see

**How to write formulas in Excel using cell references?**

Instead of entering values directly in our Excel formula, we can **refer to the cells**, containing those values.

For example, if you want to subtract a value in cell **B2** from the value in cell **A2**, you write the following subtraction formula: **=A2-B2**

To understand this in more detail, let’s go through next steps:

**Step 4: **In our that Excel sheet, type **1100** in cell **A2** and Type **100** in cell **B2**. Now We will use **C2** to calculate **1100-100** using **cell references.
**

**Step 5:** Type this formula in cell **C2**:

**=A2-B2**

In above picture, we can see that when we refer any cell in our formula, that cell is highlighting at this moment.

** Tips 2: **When making such a formula, we can type the cell references directly in the formula, or

**click the cell**and Excel will insert a corresponding cell reference in our formula. To add

**range**

**reference**, select the range of cells in the sheet. See the above picture.

## How to create an Excel formula by using defined names?!

We can create a name for a certain cell or a range of cells and then refer to that cell(s) in our Excel formulas by simply typing the name!

**Step 6: **In the upper side of sheet we can see **Name Box**. It contains the name of the cell. Click on cell **A2**. type **Income** in the **Name Box**.

**Step 7: **Now change our previous formula like this: **=Income-B2**

Now press **ENTER**. It is showing same result **1000**.

So in this way, we can *create an Excel formula by **using Defined Names!*

*Tips 3: ***Copy and Paste Values Without Formula**

Normally if we **Copy** that cell **C2** and **Paste** in another cell, it will not paste the value, but the formula. So how we can *Copy and Paste Values Without Formulas?!*

**Step 8:** Just copy normally the cell **C2**. Select the cell **C2** and Select the “**Home**” tab, then Select “**Copy**” in the “**Clipboard** section. Or use shortcut command **Ctrl+C** from keyboard.

**Step 9: **Right Click on Cell **E2** then Select **Value** from the **Paste Options **Group. Now press **ENTER**. It will copy only the **value**, not a **formula**.

Now we have successfully learned How to create a formula and also how to copy value from the formula!