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Business Analyst Interview Questions & Answer (Q&A)

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Business Analyst in an organization helps to bridge the gap between IT and the actual business flow. learn about Business Analyst Interview Questions he takes into consideration the business process, data, requirements, and provides necessary recommendations to the business superiors for the business to flourish further.

Now let us make you more confident and lead you to a step closer in achieving your dream career! In this article about Business Analyst Interview Questions & Answers (Q&A), we will be discussing the top questions related to Business Analyst asked in your interviews. These questions are collected after conducting Power BI Training.

It is very important for a Business Analyst to be ready to face a bundle of questions in an interview which evaluates them in possessing both-hard skills and soft skills. Given below are the top 60 Business Analyst Interview Questions which will help you to crack the interviews.

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Top 101 Business Analyst Interview Questions and Answers

We recommend you to go through these business analyst interview questions and answers to give your knowledge an extra boost and bubbling with confidence for your big day.

Business Analyst Interview Questions

What can a Business Analyst do?

It is one of the most common Business Analyst interview questions. A Business Analyst works as a link between different participants in an organization. He communicates with all the stakeholders of an organization to simplify and confirm the requirements. He also helps the project team in project planning, designing and lastly validating the developed components. He owns satisfactory domain knowledge and can categorize the business needs amongst the stakeholders from different domains.

Which documents does a Business Analyst handle?

  • Project vision document
  • Use cases
  • Requirement Management Plan
  • User manual
  • Requirement Trace ability Matrix(RTM)
  • Business Requirement Document
  • System Requirement Specification(SRS)
  • Test case document
  • Functional Requirement Specification-FRS

What are the core competencies of Business Analyst?

  • Logical thinking & Decision making
  • Domain & Industry knowledge
  • Business process management
  • Technical & Soft skills
  • Problem-solving skills

How is a Data Analyst different from Business Analyst?

There are 3 major difference between data analyst & business analyst which are describer below:-

Data Analyst
Business Analyst
Has the ability to solve problems & can-do data analysis
Needs more of decision-making skills along with data visualization skills
Data Analyst performs more operationally in the organization
Business Analyst performs more strategically in the organization
Data Analyst is an expert in Statistics, SQL, Data mining, etc.
Business Analyst is an expert in Business Intelligence, Data warehousing, Analytics, etc.

Which tools are used in Business Analysis?

  • MS Office
  • SQL
  • Blueprint
  • Python, R
  • QlikView, Tableau
  • Azure

What are the key points of a Business Analysis process flow?

Below given are the key points of the Business Analysis process flow-

  • Collecting Information
  • Recognize key stakeholders
  • Identify the business objective
  • Scope definition
  • Define Delivery plan
  • Describe project requirements
  • Implementation & Evaluation of the project

What skills does a Business Analyst have?

Business Analyst interview questions and answers mostly talk about the skills of a Business Analyst. Business Analyst skills can broadly categorize into three types:

  • Fundamental skills
  • Technical skills
  • Business Analysis skills

Above mentioned categories should possess skills as given below:

Skill category
Fundamental skills
- Problem handling skills
- Communication skills
- Management & Research skills
Technical skills
- IT skills
- Operating systems
- Programming languages
- Database knowledge
- Domain knowledge
Business Analysis skills
-Requirement analysis
- Documentation
- Decision-making ability
- Analytical skills

What is a good quality requirement for a business analyst?

We can measure the quality of a requirement using the SMART rule which says a requirement should be:

  • Specific: The requirement should be précised and could be documented correctly
  • Measurable: Different constraints can measure the success standards of the requirement
  • Attainable: The requirement should be achievable within the scope of the given possessions
  • Relevant: The requirement must be consistent with the project
  • Timely: The requirement should be discussed early in the project life cycle

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How does a business analyst make sure that all the requirements are gathered?

A business Analyst ensures all the requirements are gathered only when –

  • It is authenticated and agreed by the business users
  • The requirements are properly associated with the project’s business requirements
  • The requirements can be executed with the existing resources
  • All the significant business stakeholders are aligned with the prompted requirements

Why it is necessary for a business analyst to get involved during the implementation of requirements?

It is frequently asked Business Analyst interview questions. Obtaining domain knowledge and giving an analytical solution are the two major criteria of a Business Analyst. Therefore, during the actual execution of a requirement or use case a Business Analyst can help to determine many business-related queries that may occur during the implementation phase. In contrast, they can learn from the problems which may help them to provide the solution in other situations and also help to boost their domain knowledge.

Which types of issues a Business Analyst may face?

A Business Analyst may face the following issues –

  • Employees related issues
  • Technical problem
  • Lack of access
  • Limitations in Business policies
  • Business model errors

What is the role of a Business Analyst in a project?

The most important Business Analyst interview questions are about the role of a Business Analyst. A Business Analyst is needed from the kick-off to the execution of a project. Here are the top 5 reasons:

  • During the project kick-off session, sometimes technical queries arise from stakeholder and client-side. These queries are solved by a Business Analyst as the technical project team is not involved during this phase.
  • The next step after the kick-off session fundamentally involves some gap analysis, business process analysis, documentation, SOW review, project scheduling and of course preparing requirement specification documents which is all done by a Business Analyst.
  • During the development and testing phase, a Business Analyst plays an important role in resolving any requirement related issues from the project teams. In addition, he can authenticate whether the requirements are properly executed and tested considering different functional and non-functional scenarios.
  • In a waterfall model, new requirements or alteration of requirements can be requested from stakeholders since varying business demands. In such a situation, a Business Analyst can handle this change request with appropriate authentication and analysis.

Differentiate between Business Analysis and Business Analytics?

The significant difference between Business Analysis and Business Analytics is the most asked Business Analyst interview questions. The difference is that Business Analysis is more related to functions and processes while Business Analytics is more related to data.

  • Business Analysis– It identifies business needs and finds the resolutions to those problems. Technologies such as SWOT, PESTEL, CATWOE, MOST, etc. are applicable for Business Analysis.
  • Business Analytics– It handles data and analyzes data to get intuitions into a business. Lastly, it creates reports. Primarily four types of Business Analytics are used like Descriptive Analytics, Decisive Analytics, Prescriptive Analytics, and Predictive Analytics. Tools and technologies like Big data and Power BI are used for this reason.

Define Critical Path Analysis.

Every project consists of a set of activities from Start to Finish. A Critical Path is a set of activities that includes the longest path in the entire project. Therefore, a Critical Path Analysis is a significant element in decreasing project timelines & controls cost.

What is CATWOE and how it helps in Business analysis and decision making?

CATWOE is an abbreviation for Customers, Actors, Transformation process, Worldview, Owners and Environmental constraints. It helps in making the decision in advance. It analyzes how the decision has an impact on customers(C), that are involved as actors(A), what unique transformations(T) will occur that may affect the system, global representation and worldwide(W) matters, who will be responsible/ownership(O) for the business and how will the environment(E) affect to the project/business carried out.

What are the components of Strategy Analysis?

Below are the components of Strategy Analysis –

  • Vision
  • Mission
  • Objectives
  • Strategies
  • Action plan

What do you understand by Business Modeling?

Recognize the value proposition for a business and then make a step-by-step process for operating the business. This step-by-step process is known as Business Modeling. It involves the components of Strategy Analysis like vision, mission, and strategies to reach those goals.

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Define Project Deliverables.

The Project Deliverables are the set of determinate goods and services that are delivered to the end-user after the completion of the project. It is actually the output of the project.

What are the components of the Requirements Work Plan?

Below are the components of Requirements Work Plan-

  • Project description
  • Key issues
  • Deliverable s
  • Goals and objectives
  • Strategy
  • Resources
  • Budget & time

What do you mean by Business Process Modeling?

Business process modeling belongs to business process management, which is used to advance the business process. It is the illustration of an organization’s business process.

What are the benefits of Business process modeling?

Benefits of Business Process Modeling are as follows-

  • It is used to represent the understanding of business processes
  • It provides reliability and monitors the processes of the project
  • It is used to find and remove errors
  • It gives away for a clear start and end for the process without interruptions

How does a Business Analyst examine performance metrics?

Business Analyst can examine performance metrics in a below-given way-

  • Make sure your important deliverables are met
  • The expenses and time required for the project should not be exceeded
  • Make sure that quality deliverables are sustained

Which are the important qualities of an Agile Business Analyst?

An Agile Business Analyst must be able to:

  • The Business Analyst is required to collaborate with the product owner and developers to produce requirements. The Business Analyst also must work to advance realistic functional requirements.
  • The BA must-do requirement development in an iterative way
  • The BA must make requirement specifications, data models and business rules as much insubstantial as possible.
  • The BA must be technically comprehensive so that he can understand how the components of the system relate to each other. In addition to that, he must know the agile terminologies as he acts as the mediator between the customer and the project team.

State the difference between Agile and Waterfall model.

The difference between Agile and Waterfall model is the most commonly asked Business Analyst interview questions. The key points are listed below-

Agile Model
Waterfall model
Agile model is Flexible in nature
Waterfall model is Structured software development methodology
Concentrates on customer fulfillment majorly
The internal process does not require customer involvement
Flexible to variations in requirement
Requirements must be well-defined; changes are difficult to execute
It has an incremental approach
It is a sequential design process
Testing can be done in every phase
Testing is performed only in the final phase

List the four key phases of business development.

The four key phases of business development are as follows:

  • Forming
  • Storming
  • Norming
  • Performing

What is the role of business analysts in the agile methodology perspective?

In Agile methodology, Business Analysts act as a link between the development team and stakeholders. They act on key deliverables to prioritize and deliver the project in a specified time and budget.

What are the elicitation techniques in Business Analysis?

Elicitation is a method of collecting requirements from end-users and stakeholders. It is a requirement gathering process. Many techniques are involved such as –

  • Brainstorming
  • Document analysis
  • Focus group
  • Interface analysis
  • Interview
  • Observation
  • Prototyping
  • Requirements Workshop
  • Reverse Engineering
  • Survey

List the initial steps involved in Product development.

Below are the initial steps involved in Product Development:

  • Market Analysis
  • SWOT Analysis
  • Personas
  • Competitor analysis
  • Identify Strategic vision

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What do you know about BPMN gateway and its elements?

BPMN gateway is used for monitoring the classification of processes and flow of interaction which is in a way a processing modeling component.

The elements of BPMN gateway are as follows –

  • Flow objects
  • Data connection objects
  • Swimlanes
  • Artifacts

What do you understand by Scope creep?

Scope creep is defined as uncontrolled or abrupt variations or deviations in the project’s scope without changes in other resources of the project. It is due to failure in proper control or miscommunication.

Describe UML modeling.

UML is an abbreviation for Unified Modelling Language. It is a standard that the industry uses for documenting, creating and visualizing different components of a system. This modeling standard is primarily used for software development. However, it is also used for describing job roles, organizational functions, and business processes. Most important Business Analyst Interview Questions. Some of the important diagrams that BAs use as part of UML are the class diagram, state diagrams and use cases.

What is the purpose of UML Unified Modeling Language?

Unified Modelling Language is a progressive modeling language that provides a typical way to visualize the system. The purpose of UML Unified Modeling Language is to –

  • Aim the system performance
  • Sense and remove errors
  • Offer design plans to stakeholders

Why is the Requirement Traceability Matrix used?

RTM is used in every project and hence it is one of the favorite Business Analyst interview questions and answers. RTM is used to record all the requirements given by the customer, so the aim of RTM is to confirm that all of the stated requirements are fulfilled.

What are the various software engineering processes?

Different software engineering processes are as follows-

  • Collecting requirements
  • Analyzing
  • Designing
  • Implementing
  • Testing
  • Deploying in the business environment

Define RUP Methodology.

Rational Unified Process (RUP) is a product application development method with the number of devices that help to code the last product and assignments recognized with this goal. RUP is an object-oriented approach used to assure effective project management and top-notch software production.

What do you understand by RAD Methodology?

Rapid Application Development model (RAD) is a type of incremental model. Every phase of the project is developed in parallel to an individual project. The progress in the project is time-oriented, delivered and later on accumulated into a working model.

Name different types of Agile methodologies.

Some of the well-known Agile methodologies are as follows:

  • Scrum
  • Lean software development
  • Extreme Programming (XP)
  • Feature-driven development (FDD)
  • Crystal Methodology
  • Dynamic Software Development Method (DSDM)

When the Waterfall model is used in place of Scrum?

You can use the Waterfall model instead of the Scrum method only if the requirement is simple and well-defined.

Define the process design.

Process design is a method that supports the business to evaluate the shortcomings in business and to discover an effective solution for those. Through the process, design workflows are created to get the best possible outcome in the shortest time.

List different types of gaps that a business analyst can find during gap analysis?

There are mainly four types of a gap that a Business Analyst can find –

  • Performance Gap– It is the difference between expected performance and the actual performance
  • Product/Market Gap– It is the gap between budgeted sales and actual sales
  • Profit Gap– It is the difference between a targeted and actual profit of the company
  • Manpower Gap– It is the gap between the required number and quality of workforce and actual strength in the organization

What do you mean by a feasibility study?

The requirements and queries of the project should be identified and understood by a Business Analyst and he should set a scope for the business queries. The feasibility study is to recognize the possibility (success rate) of the planned idea for a business query. It helps to determine new chances and focus on the project Business Analyst Interview Questions helps to grow the Career.

Define the Pareto Analysis.

Pareto Analysis which is also known as 80/20 rule is an administrative technique. It is a useful technique for bug resolution and quality control. According to this rule, 20 % of causes can generate 80 % effects in a system, therefore it is named as 80/20 rule.

What does INVEST stand for in Business Analysis?

INVEST is an abbreviation and it stands for –

  • Independent
  • Negotiable
  • Valuable
  • Estimable
  • Sized Appropriately
  • Testable

Which documents does Business Analyst use to capture non-functional requirements?

There are two documents used to capture non-functional requirements:

  • System Design Document (SDD)
  • Functional Requirement Document (FRD)

Define alternate flow in the use case diagram.

Alternate flow is a substitute resolution or movement in a use case that should be used in case of any failure in the system.

What do you understand by Personas?

Personas signify User-Centered Design methodologies. To allow an application capable of performing on a demographic basis, fictional characters are abstracted by the business analysts and depending on their specific behavior, scenarios are made during design.

What are the important elements of the Activity Diagram?

An activity diagram is a graphic representation of the workflow of a business use case. It visualizes different activities that take place in an organization in various departments like HR, Sales, Accounts, etc. It focuses on the differences in the departments. The important fundamentals in the Activity diagram are initial nodes, activities, control flows, decisions, a fork, guard conditions, join and end nodes.

What are the requirements of the elicitation strategy?

Requirement elicitation is the method to gather all the requirements associated with a system from the end-users, customers, and stakeholders. There is a total of nine methods that can be used as a part of the requirement elicitation process:

  • Brainstorming
  • Interviews
  • Observation
  • Document Analysis
  • Focus Groups
  • Requirements Workshops
  • Interface Analysis
  • Surveyor Questionnaire
  • Prototyping

What do you mean by Business Model Analysis?

Business Model Analysis is a practice to analyze whether a business is feasible and valued regarding social, economic and other perceptions. The business model analysis provides the basis for any essential business model change and modernization for an organization.

Why a Business Analyst is needed for a project?

A Business analyst is tremendously required from the kick-off to the execution of a project and hence this Business Analyst interview questions and answer is expected every time an interview is held. Here are the reasons:

  • During the project kick-off session, there are high chances that some technical problems come up from stakeholders and end-users. As the technical project team is not involved during this phase and immediate answering is essential, a business analyst has to answer those queries.
  • The next phase after the kick-off session basically consists of some gap analysis, business process analysis, documentation, SOW review, project scheduling and creating requirement specification documents.
  • During the development and testing phase, a Business Analyst has to solve any requirement related queries from the project teams. Also, he can authenticate whether the requirements are properly executed and tested considering different functional and non-functional situations.
  • In a waterfall model, a Business Analyst can handle a change request when new requirements or modification of requirements are expected from stakeholders considering changing business needs.

List the problem-solving skills of a Business Analyst.

A Business Analyst has a multi-tasking role, therefore, it is required for him to solve the queries arising in the project. Problem-solving skills are usually asked in Business Analyst interview questions and answers. Important skills are listed below-

  • Leadership skill
  • Excellent communication skill
  • Problem analysis skill
  • Technical knowledge
  • Domain knowledge

How does a Business Analyst perform risk management in a project?

A risk is defined as an indeterminate event that is responsible to threat the existing business which can cause an impact on profits of the business. Business Analysts can use Risk management techniques such as risk avoidance, reduction, transfer, and acceptance. Business Analysts can recognize, analyze, assess and control the risk in the business.

What is the difference between incremental and iterative development?

In an iterative development software development occurs without any interruption. Here the software development cycles are repeated until the final product is gained. While, in an incremental model, software development belongs to the product design, execution, and testing incrementally until the product is completed. Therefore, it contains development and maintenance.

How is extreme programming different from scrum?

Scrum and extreme programming both follow repetitions which are known as sprints. Nevertheless, the sprints in a Scrum process continue up to two weeks to one month long while in extreme programming (XP) team the repetition stays for one or two weeks. Extreme programming is more reliable than Scrum as Scrum does not allow any modification during iterations.

Explain the term ‘increment’?

Increment denotes the sum of all the product accumulation items completed in a sprint. The new increment value also comprises of the increment of the preceding sprints.

List some of the most important agile metrics.

The important agile Matrices are listed below-

  • Velocity – This is used to trace the development of a project
  • The sprint burndown matric – This helps to track the work completed with the sprint
  • The priority of the work
  • Work category allocation – It helps to get a clue regarding the priority of the work and work category allocation
  • The cumulative flow diagram – The uniform flow of work can be determined through this diagram.

How does a Business Analyst perform requirement gathering?

The requirement gathering process is classified into different steps that are unconvinced to the SDLC cycle. Each step involves the following:

  • Specific tasks to perform
  • Principles to follow
  • Documents to produce

Why a Business Analyst should be involved in testing?

A Business Analyst has a versatile role and therefore he has to get involved in each phase. This is the reason why this Business Analyst interview questions and answer is asked every time. Business Analysts should be involved in testing because he knows the overall system requirements and difficulties related to it very well. Hence, he can be involved during the testing phase to run it correctly and resolve any system-related query.

What do you understand by the term Benchmarking?

Benchmarking is actually determining the performance of an organization to compete in the industry. In this method, a company may quantity its policies, performance, rules and other measures.

What is the basic difference between a requirement and need from a business analysis perspective?

Needs are high-level descriptions of the upcoming goals of a business. Whereas, Requirements are the representation of the complete explanation of that business needs.


To be a bang on Business Analyst you should be good at data merging in a proper way so that the process of the organization is streamlined and improvised to minimize the chance of any losses. learn Business Analyst Interview Questions you should possess the eagle eye view and the thirst to retrieve necessary information from the data coming to you. You should possess good communication skills in order to convey to other people and make them understand what your data is speaking to you.

At Yoda Learning we make sure your Business Analyst Interview Questions get all the necessary knowledge and tools to stand out from the crowd to make you a powerful Business Analyst.

If you love to challenge yourself every day then live a life of Business analyst to experience the adventures of diving into the data pool. Join our bundle course today!

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Analyze & Visualize data using Power BI. (23 tricks in one book)

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